4chan war of independence

Two consecutive mass shootings occurred at mosques in a terrorist attack in ChristchurchNew Zealandduring Friday Prayer on 15 March He was described in media reports as a white supremacist and part of the alt-right.

He had live-streamed the first shooting on Facebook[15] and prior to the attack, had published an online manifesto which many considered equivalent to shitposting ; both the video and manifesto were subsequently banned in New Zealand. He initially pleaded not guilty to all charges, with the trial expected to start on 2 June He was convicted and will be sentenced at a later date. The attack was linked to an increase in white supremacism and alt-right extremism globally [23] [24] observed since about New Zealand has been considered a safe and tolerant place with low levels of gun violence [31] and was named the second most peaceful country in the world by Global Peace Index inthe year of the attacks.

In the censusover 57, New Zealand residents reported their religion as Islam, around 1. Tarrant live-streamed the first 17 minutes of his attack on Facebook Livestarting with the drive to the Al Noor mosque and ending as he drives away from the mosque.

Tarrant spent several minutes inside the mosque, shooting attendees indiscriminately. He first fired nine shots from a shotgun towards the front entrance before dropping it. He then began using a semi-automatic rifle and opened fire on people inside. He killed three people near the entrance and dozens more inside a prayer hall.

A strobe-light attached to one of his weapons was used to disorient victims. He then left the mosque and fired on more people outside. Returning to his vehicle, he retrieved another weapon before returning to the mosque and opening fire again on people who were already wounded and unable to escape. Tarrant exited the mosque once more and killed a woman lying wounded on the footpath as she pleaded for help. He then returned to his car and fled the scene [51] [59] to the music of " Fire " by The Crazy World of Arthur Brown[60] [61] [62] in which the singer proclaims: "I am the god of hellfire!

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It can be heard in the livestream Tarrant stating, "It was too quick. I should've stayed longer. There was more time for the fuel. He had spent a total of about six minutes at the Al Noor Mosque. Police Commissioner Mike Bush said at this point Tarrant was already leaving the area, his car hidden by a bus.

At this time, AOS members did not know how many shooters there were and were not informed that the offender had left the mosque. At p. About people were inside the mosque at the time. The mosque's acting imam credited a worshipper named Abdul Aziz Wahabzada with stopping the attack.Free Socialist Republic of Germany. The German Revolution or November Revolution German : Novemberrevolution was a civil conflict in the German Empire at the end of the First World War that resulted in the replacement of the German federal constitutional monarchy with a democratic parliamentary republic that later became known as the Weimar Republic.

The revolutionary period lasted from November until the adoption in August of the Weimar Constitution. The causes of the revolution were the extreme burdens suffered by the population during the four years of war, the strong impact of the defeat on the German Empire and the social tensions between the general population and the elite of aristocrats and bourgeoisie who held power and had just lost the war.

The roots of the revolution lay in the German Empire's defeat in the First World War and the social tensions that came to a head shortly thereafter. The first acts of revolution were triggered by the policies of the German Supreme Command of the Army and its lack of coordination with the Naval Command.

In the face of defeat, the Naval Command insisted on trying to precipitate a climactic battle with the British Royal Navy by means of its naval order of 24 October The battle never took place.

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Instead of obeying their orders to begin preparations to fight the British, German sailors led a revolt in the naval ports of Wilhelmshaven on 29 Octoberfollowed by the Kiel mutiny in the first days of November. These disturbances spread the spirit of civil unrest across Germany and ultimately led to the proclamation of a republic on 9 November Shortly thereafter, Emperor Wilhelm II abdicated his throne and fled the country.

The revolutionaries, inspired by socialist ideas, did not hand over power to Soviet -style councils as the Bolsheviks had done in Russiabecause the leadership of the Social Democratic Party of Germany SPD opposed their creation. The SPD opted instead for a national assembly that would form the basis for a parliamentary system of government.

Instead, it sought to integrate them into the new social democratic system. This allowed the army and the Freikorps nationalist militias to quell the communist Spartacist uprising of 4—15 January by force. The same alliance of political forces succeeded in suppressing uprisings of the left in other parts of Germany, with the result that the country was completely pacified by late Elections for the new Weimar National Assembly were held on 19 January The revolution ended on 11 Augustwhen the Weimar Constitution was adopted.

The trade unions had 2. In addition, there were numerous co-operative societies for example, apartment co-ops, shop co-ops, etc. At the congresses of the Second Socialist Internationalthe SPD had always agreed to resolutions asking for combined action of Socialists in case of a war. After Rosa Luxemburg called for disobedience and rejection of war in the name of the entire party as a representative of the left wing of the party, the Imperial government planned to arrest the party leaders immediately at the onset of war.

After Germany declared war on the Russian Empire on 1 Augustthe majority of the SPD newspapers shared the general enthusiasm for the war the " Spirit of "particularly because they viewed the Russian Empire as the most reactionary and anti-socialist power in Europe. In the first days of August, the editors believed themselves to be in line with the late August Bebelwho had died the previous year.Censorship in Turkey is regulated by domestic and international legislation, the latter in theory taking precedence over domestic law, according to Article 90 of the Constitution of Turkey so amended in Despite legal provisions, media freedom in Turkey has steadily deteriorated from onwards, with a precipitous decline following the attempted coup in July By some accounts, Turkey currently accounts for one-third of all journalists imprisoned around the world.

Journalists faced unprecedented legal obstacles as the courts restricted reporting on corruption and national security issues. The authorities also continued to aggressively use the penal code, criminal defamation laws, and the antiterrorism law to crack down on journalists and media outlets.

Meanwhile, the government continued to use the financial and other leverage it holds over media owners to influence coverage of politically sensitive issues. Several dozen journalists, including prominent columnists, lost their jobs as a result of such pressure during the year, and those who remained had to operate in a climate of increasing self-censorship and media polarization.

In and the Committee to Protect Journalists CPJ ranked Turkey as the worst journalist jailer in the world ahead of Iran and Chinawith 49 journalists sitting in jail in and 40 in During its year rule, the ruling AKP has gradually expanded its control over media. Regional censorship predates the establishment of the Republic of Turkey.

On 15 Februarythe Ottoman Empire issued law governing printing houses " Basmahane Nizamnamesi " ; books first had to be shown to the governor, who forwarded them to commission for education " Maarif Meclisi " and the police. If no objection was made, the Sultanate would then inspect them. Without censure from the Sultan books could not be legally issued. During World War II — many newspapers were ordered shut, including the dailies Cumhuriyet 5 times, for 5 months and 9 daysTan 7 times, for 2 months and 13 daysand Vatan 9 times, for 7 months and 24 days.

When the Democratic Party under Adnan Menderes came to power incensorship entered a new phase. The Press Law changed, sentences and fines were increased. It was given the power to confiscate publications, close papers and printing houses. Anyone not following the decisions of the commission were subject to imprisonment, between one and three years.

Freedom of speech was heavily restricted after the military coup headed by General Kenan Evren. During the s and s, broaching the topics of secularismminority rights in particular the Kurdish issueand the role of the military in politics risked reprisal. Article 8 of the Anti-Terror Law Lawslightly amended in and later repealed, [25] imposed three-year prison sentences for "separatist propaganda. For example, publisher Fatih Tas was prosecuted in under Article 8 at Istanbul State Security Court for translating and publishing writings by Noam Chomskysummarizing the history of human rights violations in southeast Turkey ; he was acquitted, however, in February Sincethe AKP government has increased restrictions on freedom of speech, freedom of the press and internet use, [28] and television content, [29] as well as the right to free assembly.

Those who resist do so at their own risk. Foreign media noted that, particularly in the early days 31 May — 2 June of the Gezi Park proteststhe events attracted relatively little mainstream media coverage in Turkey, due to either government pressure on media groups' business interests or simply ideological sympathy by media outlets. All of these have tended to steer clear of covering the demonstrations. Turkey's Journalists Union estimated that at least "72 journalists had been fired or forced to take leave or had resigned in the past six weeks since the start of the unrest " in late May due to pressure from the AKP government.

Bianet 's periodical reports on freedom of the press in Turkey published in October recorded a strengthening of attacks on the opposition media during the AKP interim government in the third quarter of Bianet recorded the censorship of websites, 40 Twitter accounts, news; attacks against 21 journalists, three media organs, and one printing house; civil pursuits against 28 journalists; and the six-fold increase of arrests of media representatives, with 24 journalists and 9 distributors imprisoned.

The European Court of Human Rights condemned Turkey for violation of the freedom of expression in the Abdurrahman Dilipak case Sledgehammer investigation[39] [40] and the Turkish Constitutional Court upheld the violation of the freedom of expression of five persons, including a journalist.

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The Supreme Electoral Council ordered 65 channels twice to stop broadcasting the results of the June election before the end of the publishing ban. Attack to media freedom went far beyond the AKP interim government period.

4chan war of independence

Investigation against the two journalists were launched after the newspaper documented the transfer of weapons from Turkey to Syria in trucks of the National Intelligence Organization previously involved in the MİT trucks scandal. Mustafa Cambaz, a photojournalist working for the daily Yeni Safak was killed during the coup.A Protocol of is a fabricated text [1] appearing in the appendices of The Protocols of the Elders of Zionpurportedly found on 9 December among the documents of a Jewish Red battalion commander killed in the Estonian War of Independence.

The document's supposed authors, the "Israelite International League", gloat over their success at reducing the Russian people to "helpless slaves", and urge their fellow Jews to "excite hatred" and "buy up Government loans and gold", in order to grow in "political and economic power and influence".

4chan war of independence

The text has been cited, as with other antisemitic canards, as evidence for the antisemitic belief that the Jews are conspiring to take over the world. A Protocol of was first published in the Estonian newspaper Postimees morning edition on 31 December Postimees detailed how the originally Hebrew text was found from the pocket of Shunderev, a Jewish Bolshevik battalion commander in the 11th Rifle Regiment who had been killed in action on the night before 9 December.

The text appeared next on 5 February in Prizyva Russian newspaper in Berlin. Prizvy described it as "an interesting document". Later it was reproduced in the appendix of a greatly expanded English-language edition of The Protocols of the Elders of Zionpublished in by the Patriotic Publishing Co. Walter Laqueuran American historian, states that "the German right-wing extremist press was supplied for years with information first published in Prizyv during its nine months of existence", and points to A Protocol of as a "typical" example.

The document consists of eleven short paragraphs of vague antisemitic generalizations, with eight admonitions to be "careful" or "cautious", and is signed by "The Central Committee of the Petersburg Branch of the Israelite International League".

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Part of a series on Antisemitism Part of Jewish history and Discrimination.

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Three Ds Working Definition of Antisemitism. Antisemitic canards. Antisemitic publications. Antisemitism on the Web. This article uses citations that link to broken or outdated sources. Please improve the article or discuss this issue on the talk page.

German Revolution of 1918–1919

Help on using footnotes is available. February Learn how and when to remove this template message. National Geographic News. Archived from the original on 5 January Retrieved 27 November Issue Victor E. Chicago: The Patriotic Publishing Co.

Russia and Germany: A Century of Conflict.German economist Armin Falk et al. In Thomas Greven suggested that right-wing populism is a cause of right-wing terrorism. More simply put, populism supports the advancement of "the average citizen", not the agendas of the privileged elite.

Greven defines right-wing populists as those who support ethnocentrismand oppose immigration. Because right-wing populism creates a climate of "us versus them", terrorism is more likely to occur. Saying that although right-wing extremism in Australia is not nearly as serious as the European neo-Nazi movements or the various types of white supremacy and toxic nationalism seen in American politics, both major parties attempted to win votes by repeating some of the tough language and inhumane policies which appeared to reward right-wing populists.

He further argued: "The result has been such a cacophony of hateful rhetoric that it has been hard for those tasked with spotting the emergence of violent extremism to separate it from all the background noise of extremism".

According to Moghadam and Eubankgroups associated with right-wing terrorism include white power skinhead gangs, far-right hooligansand their sympathizers.

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The "intellectual guides" of right-wing terrorist movements espouse the view that the state must "rid itself of the foreign elements that undermine it from within" so the state can "provide for its rightful, natural citizens. In Australia, experts, police and others have been commenting on the failure of the authorities to act effectively in order to combat right-wing radicalisation, [11] [12] and the government has vowed to put right-wing extremist individuals and groups under greater scrutiny and pressure, with the home affairs minister Mike Pezzullo making strong comments to a parliamentary committee.

Times of change, fear and conflict offer extremists and conspiracists a chance to present themselves as an alternative to increasingly distrusted traditional mainstream choices.

The Anti-Defamation League reports that white supremacist propaganda and recruitment efforts on and around college campuses have been increasing sharply, with 1, incidents in compared to infar exceeding any previous year. But their most effective recruitment tool is extremist music, which avoids monitoring by moderating parties such as parents and school authorities.

Risk factors for recruitment include exposure to racism during childhood, dysfunctional families such as divorced parents, physical, emotional, and sexual abuse, neglect, and disillusionment. In the cases of far-right extremists, they will sometimes seek inspiration from other mass murderers and use it as a template to carry out future terrorist attacks. A notable case of this is Brenton Harrison Tarrant, the Australian-born perpetrator of the Christchurch mosque shootings that killed 51 and injured 49; he cited several earlier far-right attackers, including Anders Behring Breivikwho carried out the Norway attacks ; and Dylann Roofwho killed nine black people in the Charleston church shooting.

John T. Earnestthe perpetrator of an arson attack on a mosque in Escondido, California and a mass shooting in a synagogue at nearby Powaystated in an open letter that he was inspired by Tarrant as well as Robert Bowers, the perpetrator of the Pittsburgh synagogue shooting. Earnest also mentioned in the open letter "The Day of the Rope", a talking point in white nationalist and neo-Nazi circles referring to the execution of all non-whites, Jews, and liberals, as detailed in the novel The Turner Diaries.

Patrick Crusius, the year-old suspect in the mass shooting at a Walmart store in El Paso, Texason August 3,which killed 22 people and injured 24 others almost all Hispanic Americans and Mexicanssaid in an online manifesto called The Inconvenient Truth that he supported Tarrant and his manifesto.

4chan war of independence

Similar to Tarrant, Crusius posted his manifesto on 8chan, as well as a Collin College notification letter. Social media platforms have been one of the principal means by which right-wing extremist ideas and hate speech have been shared and promulgated, leading to extensive debate about the limits of free speech and its impact on terrorist action and hate crimes. Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern also vowed to investigate the role played by social media in the attack and take action, possibly alongside other countries, against the sites that broadcast the video.

Facebook and Twitter became more active in banning extremists from their platform in the wake of the tragedy. Facebook pages associated with Future Now Australia had been removed from the platform, including their main page, Stop the Mosques and Save Australia.

Owen Jones wrote in The Guardian about how the press in Britain can play a role in helping to radicalise far-right terrorists, quoting Neil BasuBritain's counter-terrorism chief.

Basu cited the Daily Mail and Daily Mirror as particular culprits, while Jones also give examples from The TimesThe TelegraphThe Spectator and others, with articles bemoaning so-called Cultural Marxism and misleading headlines such as "1 in 5 Brit Muslims" having sympathy with jihadists The Sun.

The Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweginga neo-Nazi paramilitary organisation, has often been described as terrorist.It gained independence from the Republic of the Sudan inmaking it the most recent sovereign state or country with widespread recognition. Sudan was occupied by Egypt under the Muhammad Ali dynasty and was governed as an Anglo-Egyptian condominium until Sudanese independence in A second Sudanese civil war soon broke out, ending in with the Comprehensive Peace Agreement.

Later that year, southern autonomy was restored when an Autonomous Government of Southern Sudan was formed. South Sudan became an independent state on 9 Julyfollowing South Sudan has a population of 12 million, mostly of the Nilotic peoplesand it is demographically among the youngest nations in the world, with roughly half under 18 years old. During the period from the 15th to the 19th centuries, tribal migrations, largely from the area of Bahr el Ghazalbrought the AnyuakDinkaNuer and Shilluk to their modern locations of both Bahr El Ghazal and Upper Nile Regions, while the Acholi and Bari settled in Equatoria.

4chan war of independence

The Dinka are the largest, Nuer the second largest, the Zande the third-largest and the Bari are the fourth-largest ethnic group in the country. In the 18th century, the Avungara sib rose to power over the rest of Azande society and this domination continued into the 20th century. The major reasons include the long history of British policy preference toward developing the Arab north and its ignoring the Black south. After Sudan's first independent elections inthe continued ignoring of the south by Khartoum lack of schools, roads, bridges led to uprisings, revolt, and the longest civil war on the continent.

Slavery had been an institution of Sudanese life throughout history. Annual Sudanese slave raids into non-Muslim territories resulted in the capture of countless thousands of southern Sudanese, and the destruction of the region's stability and economy. In the 19th century, the Azande fought the Frenchthe Belgians and the Mahdists to maintain their independence. Egyptunder the rule of Khedive Ismail Pashafirst attempted to control the region in the s, establishing the province of Equatoria in the southern portion.

The Mahdist Revolt of the s destabilized the nascent province, and Equatoria ceased to exist as an Egyptian outpost in European colonial maneuverings in the region came to a head inwhen the Fashoda Incident occurred at present-day Kodok ; Britain and France almost went to war over the region. South Sudan has an estimated population of 8 million, [44] but, given the lack of a census in several decades, this estimate may be severely distorted.

The economy is predominantly rural and relies chiefly on subsistence farming. As a result, the country suffered serious neglect, a lack of infrastructural development, and major destruction and displacement.Among his best-known works are the lengthy narrative poems Don Juan and Childe Harold's Pilgrimage ; many of his shorter lyrics in Hebrew Melodies also became popular.

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He travelled extensively across Europe, especially in Italywhere he lived for seven years in the cities of Venice, Ravenna, and Pisa. During his stay in Italy he frequently visited his friend and fellow poet Percy Bysshe Shelley. His only legitimate child, Ada Lovelaceis regarded as a foundational figure in the field of computer programming based on her notes for Charles Babbage 's Analytical Engine.

His treatment of her was described as "brutal and vicious", and she died after giving birth to two daughters, only one of whom survived, Byron's half-sister, Augusta. Byron himself used this surname for a time and was registered at school in Aberdeen as "George Byron Gordon". At the age of 10 he inherited the English Barony of Byron of Rochdalebecoming "Lord Byron", by which name he was usually known. Byron's paternal grandparents were Vice-Admiral the Hon.

He was born on 22 January in lodgings at Holles Street in London. Catherine moved back to Aberdeenshire inwhere Byron spent his childhood. Catherine regularly experienced mood swings and bouts of melancholy, [16] which could be partly explained by her husband's continuingly borrowing money from her.

As a result, she fell even further into debt to support his demands. It was one of these importunate loans that allowed him to travel to ValenciennesFrance, where he died in When Byron's great-uncle, the "wicked" Lord Byrondied on 21 Maythe year-old boy became the sixth Baron Byron of Rochdale and inherited the ancestral home, Newstead Abbeyin Nottinghamshire.

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His mother proudly took him to England, but the Abbey was in an embarrassing state of disrepair and, rather than living there, she decided to lease it to Lord Grey de Ruthynamong others, during Byron's adolescence. Described as "a woman without judgment or self-command," Catherine either spoiled and indulged her son or vexed him with her capricious stubbornness.

Her drinking disgusted him and he often mocked her for being short and corpulent, which made it difficult for her to catch him to discipline him. Byron had been born with a deformed right foot; his mother once retaliated and, in a fit of temper, referred to him as "a lame brat.

Langley-Moore questions the Galt claim that she over-indulged in alcohol. Upon the death of Byron's mother-in-law Judith Noel, the Hon. Lady Milbanke, inher will required that he change his surname to "Noel" so as to inherit half of her estate.

He obtained a Royal Warrantallowing him to "take and use the surname of Noel only" and to "subscribe the said surname of Noel before all titles of honour". From that point he signed himself "Noel Byron" the usual signature of a peer being merely the peerage, in this case simply "Byron".

It is speculated that this was so that his initials would read "N. Byron received his early formal education at Aberdeen Grammar Schooland in August entered the school of Dr.

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